Carbon: C Source: Lake ,Karelia, Zazhoginskoye, near Shunga Russia. Mohs:4 Shungite is a black, lustrous, non-crystalline mineraloid consisting of more than 98 weight percent of carbon and is approx. 2 billion years old. Shungite has been reported to contain trace amounts of Buckminster Fullerenes (C60) (buckyballs) (0.0001 < 0.001%).Fullerenes are carbon molecules that have formed into hollow, globular molecules. Shungite has been used as a folk medical treatment since the early 18th century. Peter the Great set up Russia's first spa in Karelia to make use of the water purifying properties of shungite. He also instigated its use in providing purified water for the Russian army. The anti-bacterial properties of shungite have been confirmed by modern testing Shungite has the ability to clean water from almost of all organic compounds (including pesticides), metals, bacteria, and harmful microorganisms. Commercial use of Shungite filters started back in the 1990s. Shungite cleans water of various chlorine compounds, nitrates, copper, magnesium, iron, cleans up visually dirty water, eliminates sour taste. Shungite removes heavy metals, chlorine, enriches drinking water in potassium. Shungite is a powerful stone to neutralize and balance the root chakra, Shungite is a powerful stone to shield you from the electromagnetic radiation given off by electrical equipment, including computers, mobile phones, microwaves and televisions.